Hsuehshan Tunnel, Taiwan

Amazing places
Hsuehshan Tunnel

Hsuehshan Tunnel (Source: http://goo.gl/1Ep9Er)

Overview
Location Taiwan
Coordinates West Entrance: 24°56′18.96″N 121°42′54″E
East Entrance: 24°50′52.08″N121°47′27.6″E
Status Active
Start Pinglin District, New Taipei City
End Toucheng, Yilan County
Operation
Work begun July 1991
Opened June 16, 2006
Traffic Road tunnel
Technical
Length 12.941 km (8.041 mi)
Number of lanes 4
Operating speed 60 to 90 km/h

Overview

The Hsuehshan Tunnel  or “Snow Mountain” tunnel, is the longest tunnel in Taiwan, located on the Taipei-Yilan Freeway.

The tunnel is bored through the Hsuehshan Range. The road connects the city of Taipei to the northeastern county of Yilan (Ilan),cutting down the journey time from two hours to just half an hour.It bypasses the rural district of Pinglin, which used to receive high traffic prior to the completion of the tunnel.

One of the key aims of constructing the tunnel was to connect the western coast of Taiwan, where 95% of the population lives, to the eastern coast of the island and in doing so tackle the unbalanced development on the island. It is constructed with one pilot tunnel and two main tunnels for eastbound and westbound traffic. The total length is 12.942 km (8.042 mi), making the Hsuehshan Tunnel the second longest road tunnel in East Asia and the fifth longest road tunnel in the world. The tunnel opened in June 2006 to severe traffic jams.

Tunnel Construction

Tunnel construction began in July 1991 and took 15 years to complete and cost a total of 90.6 billion (US$2.83 billion) to complete. Tunnel construction used 370,000 m3 (13,000,000 cu ft) of concrete, 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) of cables, and 2,000 lighting units.

While excavating the tunnel, engineers encountered difficult geological problems like fractured rock and massive inflows of water, which caused severe delays. One of the three TBMs on the westbound tunnel was buried by a ground collapse. In order to speed up the tunnel boring, an additional working interface in Interchange Station No. 2 (under Ventilation Shaft No. 2) was built. Along the tunnel alignment, there are six major faults, ninety-eight fracture zones, and thirty six high-pressure groundwater sources. Hence, serious tunnel collapses with groundwater flooding took place periodically during tunnel construction. Altogether, 25 lives were lost during 15 years of construction.

Tunnel information

  • Tunnel length:
    • Pilot tunnel: 12,941 m (8.041 mi; 42,460 ft)
    • Main tunnels:
      • Eastbound tunnel: 12,917 m (8.026 mi; 42,380 ft)
      • Westbound tunnel: 12,942 m (8.042 mi; 42,460 ft)
  • Constructed by: RSEA
  • Design speed: 70 km/h (Operational speed limit was raised to 80 km/h)
  • Location: Pinglin District, New Taipei City and Toucheng, Yilan County
  • Ventilation shaft: 3
  • Total cost: NT$18,555,000,000 (US$562,273,000)
  • Date of groundbreaking:
    • Pilot tunnel: July 1991
    • Main tunnels: July 23, 1993
  • Date of breakthrough:
    • Pilot tunnel: October 2003
    • Main tunnels:
      • Eastbound tunnel: September 2004
      • Westbound tunnel: April 2004
  • Date of opening: June 16, 2006

Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hsuehshan_Tunnel

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