Caerlaverock Castle is a moated triangular castle, first built in the 13th century. It is located 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) south of Dumfriesin south-west Scotland, on the edge of the Caerlaverock National Nature Reserve. Today, the castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is a popular tourist attraction. It is protected as a scheduled monument, and as a category A listed building.
Caerlaverock’s triangular shape is unique among British castles. Why it was built this way is not known. A walk around the castle gives a sense of its strength, its economy of form and its pleasing geometry. Three lengths of defensive curtain wall are linked at their three angles by high corner towers. The north tower, facing into Scotland, is a mightily impressive twin-towered gatehouse.
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